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It is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. Treponema pallidum. It manifests in three stages: primary, secondary and tertiary.
The first two stages present the most striking characteristics of the infection, when the main symptoms are observed and when this STD is more transmissible. Then it disappears over a long period: the person feels nothing and has an apparent cure for the initial injuries, even in untreated individuals.
The disease can then be stationary for months or years, until serious complications such as blindness, paralysis, brain disease, heart problems arise and may even lead to death.
Syphilis initially manifests as a minor wound in the sexual organs (hard cancer) and with groin (lump) lumps, which appear between the 2nd or 3rd week after unprotected sex with an infected person. The wound and the languages do not hurt, do not itch, do not burn and do not present pus. After a while, the wound disappears without a scar, giving the person the false impression of being healed. If the disease is left untreated, it continues to advance in the body, spots appearing on various parts of the body (including the palms and soles), hair loss, blindness, heart disease, paralysis. If it occurs in pregnant women, it may cause miscarriage / stillbirth or malformation of the fetus.
Syphilis can be passed from one person to another through unprotected sex (without condoms), through transfusion of contaminated blood (which is very rare today due to the control of donated blood), and during pregnancy and pregnancy. childbirth (from infected mother to baby).
Since there is no prospect of vaccine development in the short term, prevention is health education: regular condom use, early diagnosis in women of reproductive age and partners, and diagnostic testing by women intending to conceive.
The most appropriate treatment for syphilis is the use of the oldest antibiotic: penicillin. The biggest problem with treatment is its diagnosis, as syphilis can be confused with many other diseases. Patients should avoid having sex until their treatment (and their partner with the disease) is completed. The pregnant woman should perform monthly cure control.
If left untreated, syphilis progresses, becomes chronic and can compromise various parts of the body or lead to death.