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Compare and contrast “Rubisco activity” and “assimilation rate” (is there a difference, and if so, what is it)?

Compare and contrast “Rubisco activity” and “assimilation rate” (is there a difference, and if so, what is it)?


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I am confused about the variable "RuBisCO activity". How is it measured, and is it any different from the net assimilation rate?

Based on some background reading (e.g. Kling, 2008; Lambers et al 2011) the only difference that I can find is the units. Both would have "carbon fixed per unit time", but RuBisCO activity is expressed per unit mass of the enzyme, while assimilation rate is per unit leaf area (or less commonly, leaf mass).


Both are measures of carbon fixation rate.

RuBisCO activity specifically refers to the rate at which the enzyme RuBisCO fixes carbon to RuBP, and is measured by isolating the enzyme from tissue samples and, usually, using radiolabelled CO2 to measure how much carbon is fixed in a set amount of time in controlled conditions and with controlled supply of substrate.

Carbon assimilation rate is generally a whole-plant or whole-leaf variable, measured on a larger scale. It is usually measured by measuring leaf sugar carbon before and after a set period, again using radiolabelling. Conditions may or may not be controlled, and it can be measured in the field (unlike RuBisCO activity).

RuBisCO activity might differ from net fixation in the short term in plants which have an intermediate carbon fixation step, such as in CAM or C4 plants, if the net fixation measurement includes the intermediates - the pool of intermediate carbon-containing molecules have technically been fixed but not by RuBisCO. However, over longer time periods this effect will disappear, as ultimately all CO2 is fixed or re-fixed through RuBisCO.



Comments:

  1. Toshicage

    Cleared

  2. Petrus

    She can and is right.

  3. Marcelus

    It also worries me about this issue. Give Where can I find more information on this topic?



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